Obesity can contribute to the development of life-threatening diseases and conditions, ultimately shortening your lifespan. The following is a list of just some of the conditions that can be brought on by obesity. If you would like more information on treatments available to combat obesity, please contact Texas Laparoscopic Consultants.
Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus
95 percent of patients with type-2 diabetes are overweight. Obesity can ultimately be responsible for the development of insulin-resistance in the body, which can result in high blood sugar. This can have an effect on the nervous and circulatory system, as well as other tissues of the body.
Hypercholesterolemia is the medical term for “high cholesterol.” When low-density cholesterol and other lipids build up in the blood, they can stick to and magnify on artery walls, ultimately restricting blood flow through the arteries. This is what characterizes atherosclerosis, or “hardening of the arteries,” which significantly increase the risk of high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.
Heart Disease and High Blood Pressure
For people who are obese, the heart often needs to work harder to pump the blood, which can ultimately damage the heart and kidneys. When combined with high blood pressure, or hypertension, this damage can result in stroke, congestive heart failure, and/or heart attack.
Osteoarthritis or Degenerative Arthritis
The weight-bearing joints of our bodies, such as the ankles, feet, knees, and hips, can become even more stressed with the excess weight that characterizes obesity. These joints can become inflamed and damaged, leading to pain and decreased mobility. Arthritic conditions can also affect the spine in people who have obesity.
The risks of uterine cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer are increased in people who have obesity. In fact, both men and women who are obese have an increased risk of mortality once cancer develops.
Excess fat in the neck and tongue can obstruct air passages and cause pauses in breathing while you sleep, especially in those who tend to sleep on their backs. Sleep apnea can not only cause feelings of fatigue and low energy during the waking hours, but it can also increase the risk of severe health conditions such as stroke and high blood pressure.